The Unfinished Game: Pascal, Fermat, and the Seventeenth-Century Letter that Made the World Modern

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Basic Books #ad - In the early seventeenth century, the outcome of something as simple as a dice roll was consigned to the realm of unknowable chance. Then, in 1654, blaise pascal wrote to Pierre de Fermat explaining that he had discovered how to calculate risk. The two collaborated to develop what is now known as probability theory—a concept that allows us to think rationally about decisions and events.

In the unfinished game, keith devlin masterfully chronicles Pascal and Fermat's mathematical breakthrough, connecting a centuries-old discovery with its remarkable impact on the modern world. Mathematicians largely agreed that it was impossible to predict the probability of an occurrence.

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How to Bake Pi: An Edible Exploration of the Mathematics of Mathematics

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Basic Books #ad - At the heart of it all is cheng's work on category theory, a cutting-edge "mathematics of mathematics, " that is about figuring out how math works. Combined with her infectious enthusiasm for cooking and true zest for life, Cheng's perspective on math is a funny journey through a vast territory no popular book on math has explored before.

We learn how the bechamel in a lasagna can be a lot like the number five, and why making a good custard proves that math is easy but life is hard. So, what is math? Let's look for the answer in the kitchen. One of the world's most creative mathematicians finds the meaning of mathematics in the kitchen in this "whimsical.

How to Bake Pi: An Edible Exploration of the Mathematics of Mathematics #ad - . Rigorous and insightful" new york times bookwhat is math? how exactly does it work? And what do three siblings trying to share a cake have to do with it? In How to Bake Pi, powered, math professor Eugenia Cheng provides an accessible introduction to the logic and beauty of mathematics, unexpectedly, by insights from the kitchen.

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Darwin's Dangerous Idea: Evolution and the Meaning of Life

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Simon & Schuster #ad - Darwin's Dangerous Idea: Evolution and the Meaning of Life #ad - Dennett, whom chet raymo of the boston globe calls "one of the most provocative thinkers on the planet, " focuses his unerringly logical mind on the theory of natural selection, showing how Darwin's great idea transforms and illuminates our traditional view of humanity's place in the universe. Dennett vividly describes the theory itself and then extends Darwin's vision with impeccable arguments to their often surprising conclusions, challenging the views of some of the most famous scientists of our day.

In a book that is both groundbreaking and accessible, Daniel C.

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The Essential Adam Smith

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W. W. Norton & Company #ad - Adam smith emerges from this collection of his writings, as he does from his portrait in Professor Heilbroner's well-known book, as the first economist to deserve the title of "worldly philosopher. ". In this brilliantly crafted volume, one of the most eminent economists of our day provides a generous selection from the entire body of Smith's work, ranging from his fascinating psychological observations on human nature to his famous treatise on what Smith called a "society of natural liberty, " The Wealth of Nations.

Among the works represented in this volume in addition to The Wealth of Nations are The History of Astronomy, Lectures on Jurisprudence, The Theory of Moral Sentiments, and Smith's correspondence with David Hume. Before each of smith's writings robert Heilbroner presents a clear and lively discussion that will interest the scholar as much as it will clarify the work for the non-specialist.

The Essential Adam Smith #ad - Few writings are more often cited as a cornerstone of modern economic thought than those of Adam Smith. Few are less read. The sheer strength of his great work, The Wealth of Nations, discourages many from attempting to explore its rich and lucid arguments.

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The Sleepwalkers: A History of Man's Changing Vision of the Universe Penguin Modern Classics

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Penguin #ad - The Sleepwalkers: A History of Man's Changing Vision of the Universe Penguin Modern Classics #ad - Arthur koestler's extraordinary history of humanity's changing vision of the universeIn this masterly synthesis, Arthur Koestler cuts through the sterile distinction between 'sciences' and 'humanities' to bring to life the whole history of cosmology from the Babylonians to Newton. He shows how the tragic split between science and religion arose and how, in particular, the modern world-view replaced the medieval world-view in the scientific revolution of the seventeenth century.

. He also provides vivid and judicious pen-portraits of a string of great scientists and makes clear the role that political bias and unconscious prejudice played in their creativity.

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Under A Cruel Star: A Life in Prague 1941-1968

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Plunkett Lake Press #ad - In telling her story – simply, without self-pity – she illuminates some general truths of human behavior. Thereafter, Rudolf became deputy minister for foreign trade. Kovaly experienced the two supreme horrors of what Hannah Arendt called this terrible century. But her book is not just a personal memoir of inhumanity.

A story of the human spirit as its most indomitable. The reader alternately laughs and cries as Kovaly describes her mother being sent to death by Dr. One of the outstanding autobiographies of the century. San francisco chronicle“once in a rare while we read a book that puts the urgencies of our time and ourselves in perspective, making us confront the darker realities of human nature.

Under A Cruel Star: A Life in Prague 1941-1968 #ad - . Although her approach is above all personal, individual and institutional behavior, Kovaly’s reflections on her experiences reveal a high degree of insight into politics, and the formation of attitudes. Christian science monitor“a jew in czechoslovakia under the Nazis, Kovaly spent the war years in the Lodz ghetto and several concentration camps, losing her family and barely surviving herself.

Highly recommended. Publishers Weekly.

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The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism: and Other Writings Penguin Twentieth-Century Classics

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Penguin Classics #ad - The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism: and Other Writings Penguin Twentieth-Century Classics #ad - Readers trust the series to provide authoritative texts enhanced by introductions and notes by distinguished scholars and contemporary authors, as well as up-to-date translations by award-winning translators. In the protestant ethic, max weber opposes the marxist concept of dialectical materialism and relates the rise of the capitalist economy to the Calvinist belief in the moral value of hard work and the fulfillment of one's worldly duties.

For more than seventy years, Penguin has been the leading publisher of classic literature in the English-speaking world. With more than 1, 700 titles, penguin Classics represents a global bookshelf of the best works throughout history and across genres and disciplines.

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The Emergence of Probability: A Philosophical Study of Early Ideas about Probability, Induction and Statistical Inference Cambridge Series on Statistical & Probabilistic Mathematics

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Cambridge University Press #ad - Hacking invokes a wide intellectual framework involving the growth of science, economics, and the theology of the period. Ian hacking is the winner of the Holberg International Memorial Prize 2009. First published in 1975, this edition includes an introduction that contextualizes his book in light of developing philosophical trends.

Historical records show that there was no real concept of probability in Europe before the mid-seventeenth century, although the use of dice and other randomizing objects was commonplace. He argues that the transformations that made it possible for probability concepts to emerge have constrained all subsequent development of probability theory and determine the space within which philosophical debate on the subject is still conducted.

The Emergence of Probability: A Philosophical Study of Early Ideas about Probability, Induction and Statistical Inference Cambridge Series on Statistical & Probabilistic Mathematics #ad - . Ian hacking presents a philosophical critique of early ideas about probability, and statistical inference and the growth of this new family of ideas in the fifteenth, sixteenth, induction, and seventeenth centuries.

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Rites of Spring: The Great War and the Birth of the Modern Age

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Mariner Books #ad - The urge to create and the urge to destroy had changed places. In this “bold and fertile book” the atlantic monthly, through the lives and words of ordinary people, and such events as Lindbergh’s transatlantic flight and the publication of the first modern bestseller, Eksteins goes on to chart the seismic shifts in human consciousness brought about by this great cataclysm, works of literature, All Quiet on the Western Front.

Rites of Spring: The Great War and the Birth of the Modern Age #ad -  . This sweeping volume probes the origins, the impact, and the aftermath of World War I—from the premiere of Igor Stravinsky’s ballet The Rite of Spring in 1913 to the death of Hitler in 1945. The great war, ” as modris Eksteins writes, “was the psychological turning point .  .  . For modernism as a whole.

Rites of spring is a rare and remarkable work, a cultural history that redefines the way we look at our past—and toward our future. This award-winning cultural history reveals how the Great War changed humanity.

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On Suicide Penguin Classics

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Penguin #ad - On Suicide Penguin Classics #ad - On suicide was the result of his extensive research. Traditionally, suicide was thought to be a matter of purely individual despair but Durkheim recognized that the phenomenon had a social dimension. Emile durkheim's on suicide 1897 was a groundbreaking book in the field of sociology. He believed that if anything can explain how individuals relate to society, then it is suicide: Why does it happen? What goes wrong? Why do certain social, religious or racial groups have higher incidences of suicide than others? As Durkheim explored these questions he became convinced that abnormally high or low levels of social integration lead to an increased likelihood of suicide.

Divided into three parts - individual reasons for suicide, social forms of suicide and the relation of suicide to society as a whole - Durkheim's revelations have fascinated, challenged and informed readers for over a century.

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